ЯЗЫКОВОЕ ПЛАНИРОВАНИЕ И РАЗВИТИЕ ЯЗЫКОВ В ПОЛИЭТНИЧЕСКИХ МНОГОЯЗЫКОВЫХ ГОСУДАРСТВАХ АФРИКИ
Рябова И. С.
LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING IN POLYETHNIC MULTILINGUAL STATES OF AFRICA
Ryabova I. S.
The paper gives an overview of the way the hundreds of miner ethnic languages co-exist with not so many major indigenous languages and one or two official European (mostly English and French) languages in the crassly multilingual states of Tropical Africa, and the way these languages are included in language development and planning programs. The matter is that English and French are the only ethnically neutral languages and they function as the first official ones in almost all African countries. Major indigenous languages are national languages while miner ethnic idioms are only local ones. Tanzania is unique amongst the African countries in having African language Swahili as a national and the first official one.