MIGRATION AND SUBURBANIZATION IN THE RUSSIAN REGIONAL CAPITALS AND THEIR SUBURB
Mkrtchyan Nikita Vladimirovich, Candidate of Geography, Leading Researcher of the Institute of Demography of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Regional capitals, represented in Russia almost exclusively by large cities and their surburbs are centers of migration attraction of the population. According to the calculations made on the basis of the database MED (Rosstat) for 2012–2016, the suburban areas are ahead of the capitals in terms of migration growth rates. In fact, suburban areas are the class of territories leading in this indicator in Russia. Data on intra-regional migration in 39 regions of Russia, collected at a special request from the territorial authorities of Rosstat, showed that in the vast majority of regions, suburbs pull the population of near regional centers, that can be considered as a clear sign of the beginning of suburbanization in Russia. The annual total migration flow of the population from regional capitals to the suburbs is approximately 40–50 thousand people, which is almost twice the migration growth of the population of the Krasnodar territory due to internal Russian migration.