URBANIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE LIFESTYLE OF RESIDENTS OF KHAKASSIA IN THE MIDDLE OF THE XX – EARLY XXI CENTURIES
Tinikova Elena Evgenyevna, Candidate of History, Senior Researcher of the Department for International and Interregional Relations of the Khakass research Institute of language, literature and history Abakan, Russia
The analysis of the modification of the lifestyle of the population in the Republic of Khakassia in the conditions of intensive stage of urbanization is carried out on the basis of a sociological study conducted in the summer of 2018, as well as on the basis of official statistics. Indicators that allow us to characterize the way of life of people were: the level and structure of employment, the distribution of free time, housing and living conditions.
Taking into account the fact that today it is already quite difficult to draw a clear border between the city and the village, since the «rural» environment is no longer typically rural, not only residents of cities but also villages of the region participated in the sociological survey. Also, the study took into account the ethnic factor, which, of course, has an impact on the urbanization processes in the republic. For example, the Khakas were much later included in the studied processes than the East Slavic peoples. The way of life of urban Khakas contrasted more with the way of life of rural Khakas, the latter found it more difficult to adapt to the urban environment. The preserved traditions, the language barrier and external anthropological features of the Khakas played an important role. Therefore, respondents of the sociological survey were initially divided into 2 large ethnic groups: Khakas and Russians. In general, the empirical study surveyed 500 urban Khakas and 500 Russians, as ell as 500 rural Khakas. The sample included all socio-demographic groups of adults over 18 years.