RURAL MIGRANTS IN THE SUBURBS OF ULAN-UDE ADAPTATION EXPERIENCE AND LIFE STRATEGIES
Zhalsanova Valentina Gurozhapovna, candidate of Sociology, Leading Researcher of the Department of history, ethnology and sociology of the Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude, Russia
The report is devoted to the analysis of adaptation of rural migrants in the suburbs of Ulan-Ude. The reasons and factors of the relocation of villagers to the city, as well as their future life strategies are studied based on in-depth interviews conducted in 2017 and 2019. The object of sociological research was rural migrants who settled in suburban areas. According to the results of the study, the most numerous group of migrants is represented by socially active immigrants from the village with high adaptive potential. Further life activity of rural migrants is caused by features of social and economic development of Ulan-Ude characterized by prevalence of negative tendencies, first of all, high level of unemployment and low level of salaries. As a result, the formation of a new migration mood in the form of intentions to leave Buryatia for other regions of the country/other countries becomes typical for many rural migrants.